Basic introduction and common types of medical devices
Medical devices refer to instruments, equipment, appliances, in vitro diagnostic reagents and calibrators, materials, and other similar or related items that are used directly or indirectly in the human body, including the required computer software.
The utility is mainly obtained by physical means, The purpose is diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment or relief of the disease; diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, mitigation or functional compensation of the injury; examination, replacement, regulation or support of the physiological structure or physiological process; Support or maintenance of life; pregnancy control; provide information for medical or diagnostic purposes by examining samples from the human body.
The state implements classified management of medical devices according to the degree of risk:
The first category is the low level of risk, and the implementation of routine management can ensure its safe and effective medical equipment.
The second category is medical devices that have moderate risks and require strict control to ensure their safety and effectiveness.
The third category is high risk and require special measures to strictly control management to ensure their safety and effectiveness.
Commonly used drugs and medical devices
Family health equipment: pain massage equipment, home health self-detector equipment, sphygmomanometer, electronic thermometer, multi-function treatment instrument, laser treatment instrument, blood glucose meter, diabetes treatment instrument, vision improvement equipment, sleep improvement equipment, oral hygiene products, Family emergency treatment products; family health massage products: electric massage chair/bed; massage stick; massage hammer; massage pillow; massage cushion; massage belt; air-blood circulation machine; foot bath; foot massager; hand-held massager, Jacuzzi, Flung fat belt; therapeutic apparatus; foot physiotherapy apparatus; car cushion; kneading pad;
Family medical rehabilitation equipment: home cervical lumbar traction device, traction chair, physiotherapy equipment, sleep instrument, functional chair, functional bed, supporter, medical inflatable air cushion; oxygen generator, decoction device, hearing aid, etc.
Home care equipment: home rehabilitation nursing aids, female pregnancy and baby care products, household supplying and gas transmission equipment; oxygen cylinders, oxygen bags, home first aid kits, blood pressure monitors, blood glucose meters, nursing beds
Common medical equipment in hospitals: trauma treatment vehicles, operating beds, surgical lamps, monitors, anesthesia machines, ventilators, blood cell analyzers, differentiation analyzers, microplate readers, plate washers, urine analyzers, ultrasound systems (color ultrasound) , B-ultrasound, etc.), X-ray machine, nuclear magnetic resonance, etc.
New medical device
With the development of science and technology, the scientific and technological achievements of some colleges and universities have also rapidly transformed the results. Some new manufacturers produce patented products also appear in the market, including some equipment commonly used in households and hospitals, such as medical trauma disposal vehicles.